World building is more than just a guide in building the world of your story. Basically, it is the essence and the foundation of science fiction or fantasy story and also, basis of other genres. Well thought world building can help in adding richness to the writing while providing valuable information to your readers, which makes them feel more attached to the plot and characters. This then raises the question of how the writers must carry on in their world building? In order to become more aware of this, we will split it into three major points which is imaginary worlds, alternate reality and actual locations.
With imaginary worlds, the construction of the entire fictional universes is primarily found in fantasy genres, in alternate reality, it re-imagine the details of our world, which is more popular to writers whose focus is in science fiction and lastly, actual locations is the invocation of real place of our world that is used in novels without using any fantasy elements.
Creating an imaginary world is one of the most challenging and daunting types of world-building. In most cases, it is what used in science fiction and fantasy where the writer is thinking of everything in their world from the very start which can be anything from geography, lore, language, history, characters, politics, religion and social customs.
The thought of creating all these elements in forming the fictional world can be daunting and deciding where to start the story is almost an unimaginable feat. If you like to have some inspiration, then it will be ideal to check the universe built by some of the famous authors similar to J.R.R Tolkien, J.K. Rowling.
Needless to say, not everyone has the capacity or ability to create a fictional and functional language but budding world builders can at least take their lead. One great place to start in building your world is by pinpointing one aspect of your imaginary world to which you are most interested in. It is best that you focus on this element as it will help you in building your story and world from there.
Once you get the hang of it, starting to work out the details and other information will become easier. One way of doing this is by asking a set of question related to different elements of your world. Do this exercise as if you’re describing your country or home to someone else who knows totally nothing about it.